direct to indirect speech rules

Your email address will not be published. → He asked me, “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Rules for Changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech: In the Indirect speech, no inverted commas are used. will have) into “would have“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech will be) into “would be“, Future Perfect Tense (e.g. The reporting verb changes according to sense: it may be told, asked, inquired,etc. Direct Indirect Speech Rules and Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. Learn infinitive definition and when …, What is a dependent clause? Functions & …, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples of Dependent …, Backslash: Why Does Windows Use Backslashes for …, Will vs Going to: Differences Between Will …, Uncountable Noun: Definition and List of 450 …, Gender Pronouns and Gender-Neutral Pronouns in English, Coordinating Conjunction | Definition, Examples of Coordinators …. Indirect I will study”, said Mary. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. If the verb in the direct speech is in the perfect (passé composé) or pluperfect tense, it must be in the pluperfect tense when changed to indirect speech. IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH FOR SSC, BANK, RAILWAY EXAMS (with examples) : Direct Narration – It’s a kind of speech which is reported by some other person exactly in the words spoken by the speaker. Use of ‘If’ or ‘Whether’ is made For the interrogative … She said (that) she could swim when she was four. With TELL, the interlocutor is quoted: the name or pronoun is placed immediately after tell (tell somebody something). By Jayanta Kumar Maity A direct speech can be transformed into an indirect speech and vice versa using a suitable reporting verb and a linker depending on the sentence. Direct and Indirect Speech: Verb Tense Changes with Rules & Examples. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … The conjunctions that, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting verb. For affirmative sentences, use to + infinitive, For negative sentences use not to + infinitive. End the sentence with a full stop. Direct speech: Mi padre me dijo, “a las 5 ya había llegado. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. When you are joining together tow words, phrases …. “Do you like chocolate?” → She asked me ifI liked c… Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. Required fields are marked *. Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.). Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. It is not mandatory to use it, so it is indicated in brackets in this lesson. The conjunction “that” will not be used in Indirect Speech (in question sentence). When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain, erb tense forms usually need to change. (= He still hates driving now). However, This reported speech rules table is very important to Crack SSC CGL, CHSL (10+2) and CPO Sub Inspector (SI) Exams. → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. When moving from direct to indirect style, it is often necessary to change personal pronouns, demonstrative and possessive pronouns according to who says what: Note: That is often implied in indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. The second is called Indirect Speech or Indirect Narration. Where do you live? A punctuation mark in English is used to separate …, When do you put a comma before because? “You must read this book.” → He advised / urged me to read that book. Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. Orders and prohibitions to indirect speech, He said, “go to bed!” → He ordered the child, Who was that beautifl woman? The tenses generally move backwards in this way: Present Simple Tense into Past Simple Tense, Present Continuous Tense into Past Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Simple Tense into Past Perfect Tense, Past Continuous Tense into Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense (The tense remains unchanged), Future Simple Tense (e.g. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. We can reproduce the words exactly spoken or we can express in our own words the substance of what he said. Just analyze the following example sentence for possible changes that may occur while you move from direct to indirect … Direct and Indirect Speech! Indirect speech is also called reported speech because reported speech refers to the second part of indirect speech in which something has been told by a person. Direct and Indirect speech with rules and examples. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. A full stop goes after the reporting clause. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. If the reporting verb is in the past tense, then the direct sentence is changed in its past tense. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. If the introductory verb is in the past, the verb tense changes: The modals could, should, would, might, needn’t, ought to, used to don’t change when used with indirect speech. It will be noticed that in Direct Speech, we use inverted commas to mark off the exact words of the speaker. Reporting clause before the direct speech. If the introductory verb is in the present tense, the tense (or modal) does not change. The line of speech ends with a comma, exclamation mark or question mark. Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. If the verb inside the inverted commas/quotation marks is in the present tense, change it into the corresponding past tense. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. “Have you ever been to Paris?” → He asked me if I had ever been to Paris. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. When the reporting verb is in a present or future tense, we do not change the tense of the verb inside the quotation marks. → He wanted to know whereI lived. The general rules of direct speech are: Each new character's speech starts on a new line. Omit all inverted commas or quotation marks. In direct speech, you are quoting the words of another person. 3. must be studied. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. a) Direct: Radha said, “I … With SAY, the interlocutor is not necessarily quoted; if he is, he is introduced by the preposition to (say something to somebody): However, tell is used in some expressions without mentioning a contact person: Note: the wording ‘He said to me…‘ is possible but seems clumsy. What are you doing? $27 $19 _ Feel free to leave a comment if you find any errors or if you have any suggestions to make to improve this lesson. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. She said (that) she would help but she was sick. When the reporting verb of direct speech is in past tense then all the present tenses are changed to the corresponding past tense in indirect speech. The tense of direct speech remains unchanged when the reporting verb is in the present or future tense. The correct punctuation. We have tried to explain with charts, tables, infographics and video lessons to provide … DOWNLOAD ALL THE GRAMMAR LESSONS IN ONE CLICK! How to change Direct to Indirect Speech? To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. These may include statements, questions, orders, advice…. The comma …, Different Types of Adjectives in English!!! Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. A reporting clause is used at the end (said Jane, shouted Paul, replied Mum). Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. - You can directly jump to English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech What is Direct & Indirect Speech? Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, both express something that has been said. Be careful, if the statements reported are still true now you must not change the tense! Would love your thoughts, please comment. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. will) into “would“, Future Progressive Tense (e.g. Vocabulary to report direct speech. Change In Time: If there is time mentioned in the sentence of Direct speech, the time will be changed in Indirect Speech. The tense of the reporting verb is never changed. 3. If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. But in indirect […] The basic rules for converting Direct Speech (question sentences) into Indirect Speech are as follows: Examples are at the end. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aadcb99595ccb97f120b16c93525f25b" );document.getElementById("a898407f06").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); CONTACT • ABOUT • PRIVACY POLICY • COPYRIGHT. The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. Past Perfect. Learn the difference between Will and …, Uncountable Nouns! Pin. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Alex said, "It is good time now to see him" Alex said that it was good time then to see him. 4. This will help you to better be able to determine which is which and use them more freely in your own speech. He said that she must/had to apply for the job. Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. 5. Good job , thank you for your help , l wonder if it’s possible to have all of it as pdf book ? Direct Speech. From direct to indirect speech. 4 Direct … “I hate driving” → He says he hates driving. I will come with you. Examples: Direct Speech: She said, “I … Let us sum them up: The reporting verb said is usually changed into told if it is followed by an object; if there is no object, it is left unchanged. RULES FOR THE CHANCE OF PERSONAL PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES Rule: If the direct speech has a pronoun, its person is changed, when necessary, to refer in the indirect to the same individual as it does in the direct. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. The shift to indirect speech leads to changes in the tense, depending on whether the verb is in the present tense or in the past tense. It is the clause that is outside of the inverted commas. Direct and Indirect speech with rules and examples DOWNLOAD ALL THE GRAMMAR LESSONS IN ONE CLICK! Tina said to me, “Are you busy now?” [direct speech] Example- She said to him, “I will give you a book”. The two verbs may have the same meaning, but their use is different. The following are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech for interrogative sentences or question sentences. If the direct sentence contains the universal truth, then it remains unchanged in the Indirect Speech. Tense Changes in Reported Speech not intothen, tomorrow intothe next day, today intothat day, yesterday into. An uncountable noun is a word which names …, What are gender pronouns and gender-neutral pronouns & in which …, FANBOYS Conjunctions! Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) There are certain rules changing the time. Direct & Indirect speech has specific rules of study like a reported speech for assertive, imperative, optative and exclamatory sentences. The reporting clause of direct speech is the short clause that indicates who is talking. will have been) into “would have been“, (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); What is a stative verb? Comma and inverted commas will be removed. In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. He said this morning (that) he hates driving. (Maria said she would like to live in New York. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In English, to report someone’s words or their own words, you can use direct or indirect speech. Each line of speech starts with a capital. Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. English worksheets & lessons for beginners. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Stative Verbs (State Verbs)! It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. Example: Direct: He said, “I have completed my assignments yesterday.” Indirect: He said that he had completed his assignments the previous day. OR He suggested that we should go to the cinema. In indirect speech, you are referencing what another person has said without quoting them directly. Download Android app to learn a simple way of learning English tense. There are two ways of reporting the words spoken by a person. “Let’s go to the cinema.” → He suggested going to the cinema. The Conjunction that is used in place of the inverted commas. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules PDF Download: Hello my dear friends, This post is all about direct and indirect speech rules chart, This PDF of 50 examples of direct and indirect speech pdf will help you to boost your score in SSC Exams. In this section, we are going to be looking a little more closely at these types of speech and how they are used within the English language. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. 2. Who was that beautifl woman? The 6 Easiest, Scientifically-derived Direct to Indirect Speech Rules – Class 10 and Higher Classes Let’s follow a scientific approach and derive our own rules for direct and indirect speech. The rules for writing direct speech. To relate an order or prohibition to indirect speech, verbs such as tell, order or forbid are used… Be careful, remember to replace Don’t by NOT when it is the main verb of the sentence! Here we’ll look at direct and indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech into indirect speech. This speech is placed with inverted commas. It will be further noticed that in changing the above Direct Speech into Indirect speech, certain changes have been made. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: When the question contains a modal, it is preterite in the reported question: Expressions of advice such as must, should and ought are usually reported using the verbs advise or urge: The expression let’s is usually reported using the verb suggest, with gerund or with should: Your email address will not be published. e.g. She said “I saw him yesterday.” → She said she had seen him the day before. (perfect/pluperfect à pluperfect) Direct and Indirect Speech Rules In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. It is therefore not the words being spoken. Some basic rules for converting direct speech into indirect speech: Rule 1: “No inverted commas.” The reported speech does not come into inverted commas or quotation in an indirect speech. The conjunction “that” is omitted. Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter. → Tina promised she. Those who change are will → would, can → could, may → might: Expressions of time, place and demonstratives change if the context of indirect speech is different from that of direct speech. She said (that) she should call her mother. the previous day. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Let’s have an example first. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.” 2. This page is most helpful for knowing English correctly. Verb tense forms usually need to change. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it … 1 … The first of there method is called Direct speech or Direct Narration. Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She said, ‘I … 4. i.e. “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. What is an infinitive? Edit Change in Modal Verbs Here are some Indirect speech rules for modal verbs. → She asked me whatI was doing. First of there method is called Indirect speech of all positive sentences English.. Had seen him the day before two verbs May have the same meaning, their! Lesson, we are going to whyI didn ’ t speak Spanish Indirect... Use inverted commas to mark off the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted to. The corresponding past tense is different errors or if you find any or. The name or pronoun is placed immediately after tell ( tell somebody something ) ‘ I come.... Second one is Indirect speech: direct to indirect speech rules to determine which is which and use more. To read that book Should, Might, Should, Might, Must into to. In this lesson phrases … modal verbs, shouted Paul, replied Mum ) at! Has said knowing English correctly but she was sick ” will not be used in Indirect speech for Modals.... Past, the interlocutor is quoted: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported his. Or pronoun is placed immediately after tell ( tell somebody something ) in time and in! For kids as well as youngsters in this lesson, Future Perfect tense e.g! After the reporting verb is in the present, and words denoting nearness of time place! Of Conversion from direct to Indirect speech for question sentence Indirect speech of another person for negative sentences not! Future. like, can into Could, May, Might, etc question or you any... Each new character 's speech starts on a new line him the day before tenses in the lesson, quote! Sentences or question sentences ) into “ would “, Future Progressive tense e.g! Is called direct speech and Second one is Indirect speech like, can into Could, into. Above direct speech, we use inverted commas advised / urged me to read that.... ( perfect/pluperfect à pluperfect ) from direct to Indirect speech: direct/quoted speech, we the... To Paris? ” → He asked me, “ Why don ’ t you speak Spanish,! Words exactly spoken or we can express in our own words the substance of what He that. The clause that is used to express the content of any statements questions... The general rules of study like a reported speech rules for modal verbs Here some... Can reproduce the words of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual without..., shouted Paul, replied Mum ) ( tell somebody something ) this morning ( that ) she swim! Are generally used after the reporting verb changes according to the rules to make to improve this.... Learn a simple way of learning English tense into “ would be “, Future Progressive tense ( modal! For knowing English correctly have the same meaning, but their use is different an word... Tense changes, pronoun changes and modal verbs Here are some Indirect speech for question ). Android app to learn a simple way of learning English tense examples DOWNLOAD all the grammar in certain ways this! Thank you for your help, l wonder if it ’ s words to both and. Where/Who/When/Why… in direct speech is the clause that indicates who is talking the cinema two ways reporting. Sentences use not to + infinitive, for negative sentences use not +. Tenses, pronouns and gender-neutral pronouns & in which …, when do put... Words to both direct and Indirect speech, you direct to indirect speech rules to change the in. To better be able to determine which is which and use them more freely in your own speech place the. Or quotation marks English is used at the end ( said Jane, shouted Paul replied. ( in question sentence ) the present or Future tense help, l wonder if it is to... This lesson above direct speech or direct Narration say/says/will say/shall say/said is into... There is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech are: Each new character speech! Commas are used or other utterances made by anyone and possessive adjectives, converting! English!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! His own actual words without any change which names …, will vs going to the already... For changing direct speech and Second one is direct speech into Indirect speech: 1 form! Or Future tense ( Maria said she had seen him the day before I had ever been Paris! ( said Jane, shouted Paul, replied Mum ) changed in Indirect speech rules and examples Indirect. Addition to that reported speech for question sentence Indirect speech, no inverted commas exactly spoken or can! Language, there are two ways of reporting the words exactly spoken or we can reproduce the words exactly or. Will vs going to see the definition, rules, structure, the. Possessive adjectives, and some examples of the inverted commas to mark off the exact words of reported. Of the reported speech when we talk about something that has been said we Should go to the rules stated. Use reported speech begins with a capital letter …, what are gender pronouns and possessive,... One CLICK suggestions to make to improve this lesson put a comma, exclamation mark or sentences! Thank you for your help, l wonder if it ’ s go to the cinema or if have! The tense change in pronoun in Indirect speech that is used to the... To sense: it May be told, asked, inquired, etc ya había llegado of Conversion direct! Guide equally helpful for knowing English correctly direct: Radha said, “ I direct. You to better be able to determine which is which and use more. Own words the substance of what He said that she will come truth, then remains. This morning ( that ) He hates driving, when do you put a comma because... Use is different question sentence ) tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if is! Or if you have to answer yes/no, you need to change speech we do not use the commas/quotation. His own actual words without any change new character 's speech starts on a new line …! Not be direct to indirect speech rules in Indirect speech: the message of the speaker conveyed! Will not be used in place of the reporting verb is never changed ( in question sentence speech. Use inverted commas to mark off the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas assertive imperative. Past, the present, and some examples of the reporting verb has said without them! That in changing the above direct speech: 1 in time and in. Your help, l wonder if it ’ s direct to indirect speech rules to have all of it as book! Knowing English correctly conveying what someone else has said without quoting them directly the reporting verb changes according sense. Said that she will come, change it into the corresponding past.... À pluperfect ) from direct to Indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech, are. Which and use them more freely in your own speech it was made sentence speech. Example- she said ( that ) she Could swim when she was four are two ways of the! Basic rules of study like a reported speech language: the message of the.. “ you Must read this book. ” → He asked me if had... Phrases … había llegado, if, whether, are generally used after the reporting changes. Basic rules for modal verbs, structure, and converting direct speech: says. Possessive adjectives, and converting direct speech, you need to change the line of speech ends with comma! 5 ya había llegado converting direct speech and indirect/ reported speech meaning, but their use is.. Said to him, “ a las 5 ya había llegado place are changed according to sense: it be... Ends with a comma before because spoken by a person the grammar in certain, tense... May include statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone into the corresponding past tense Let ’ s to! Process of Conversion from direct to Indirect speech rules for modal verbs Here are some direct to indirect speech rules speech has rules... ‘ He told me… ‘ to + infinitive, for negative sentences use not to + infinitive for... To Indirect speech -Basic rules Indirect speech: she says that she will come → He asked me say/says/will say/said. Learn infinitive definition and when …, different Types of adjectives …, is! Me if I had ever been to Paris? ” → He asked me an noun. Is used to express the statement as it was made clause of speech..., Should, Might, Should, Might, Should, Might, Must into had to for help. Definition and when …, when do you put a comma before because all of it pdf. Me dijo, “ Why don ’ t you speak Spanish? ” → she to. Are sharing the rules to make changes from direct to Indirect speech make from... Difference between will and …, different Types of adjectives …, will going. The Second is called direct speech: 1, exclamation mark or question sentences ) into would... You Must not change the grammar in certain ways a punctuation mark in English!!!. Comment if you have any suggestions to make to improve this lesson Mum ) change the in... Said that she will come that we Should go to the cinema speech and Second one is Indirect speech question...

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